International Women’s Day 2018: protests across the world as women push for progress – live

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukThis article titled “International Women’s Day 2018: protests across the world as women push for progress – live” was written by Alexandra Topping (now) and Claire Phipps(earlier), for theguardian.com on Thursday 8th March 2018 16.40 Asia/Kolkata

Rename House of Lords, say Liberal Democrats

The Lib Dems are calling on Parliament to rename the House of Lords the House of Peers to better reflect the role women play in the upper chamber, the party said today

The bill, being laid in the House today by Liberal Democrat MP Christine Jardine, will highlight the fact that the House of Lords is a gendered title and put the issue on the legislative agenda for the rest of the parliament

Christine Jardine said:

The current gender-specific House of Lords title is no longer appropriate. It feeds into an outdated and unacceptable narrative that political decision-making is a man’s job.”

“In this centenary year of female voting and election rights, it is surely time to recognise that our upper chamber is not a male preserve.

A group that supports women’s rights using music influenced by Ethiopian heritage is thriving – despite losing UK aid funding, writes Claudine Spera

You can watch the amazing Yegna in action in this film:

 

Protester arrested at the Department of Health and Social Care, say Women’s Strike UK

A protester who was taking part in an Women’s Strike UK action at the Department of Health and Social Care has been arrested, the group says.

According to the group:

Trans women and their allies were peacefully protesting the Department of Health this morning to call urgent attention to the failings in the provision of healthcare for trans people.

The group added:

  • 2K people will meet at 1pm in Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London
  • 61 University campuses across UK are on strike
  • Actions in 7 cities – London, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Derry and Brighton
  • The UK will be one of 56 countries on strike.

Noshin Salari Rad, one of the organisers of the strike said:

Thursday is about solidarity between all women– trans women, women of colour, indigenous, working class, disabled, migrant, sex workers, Muslim, lesbian and queer.

Women in Sport

My colleague Anna Kessel has just informed me what I’d rather be doing today (I’m joking of course, what else would I rather do then liveblog IWD???)

A groundbreaking women’s football history conference aims to blow apart perceptions of the sport is kicking off at the National Football Museum in Manchester today.

Anna writes:

The two-day conference, which begins on International Women’s Day, hosts academics, journalists and artists from around the globe. Lectures range from the acclaimed writer and sports activist Shireen Ahmed discussing football and the hijab, to a study on women and the 1966 men’s World Cup from Professor John Hughson.

If you are unfortunate enough to be an Evertonian like me, it’s worth a glance for the pictures of Elaine Shaw and friends on their trip to Rotterdam to see Everton play the 1985 Cup Winners’ Cup final.

Music

The great thing about International Women’s Day is that is shines a light on institutional sexism is all sorts of areas.

Culture – both high and low – remains hugely dominated by men, and nowhere is that more evident that in the classical music sphere. Which is why it’s great to see movement by some institutions to address the glaring inequality.

Music college Trinity Laban has used International Women’s Day to pledgs that music by women – past and present and across many genres – will make up more than half of its concert programmes in 2018/19 academic year.

Harriet Harman MP, Chair of Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music & Dance, is launching Venus Blazing at a lunchtime concert by Trinity Laban’s Chamber Choir celebrating the 90th birthday of British composer Thea Musgrave, at 1pm in Greenwich today.

She said:

Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music & Dance is strongly committed to diversity in all elements and it has a mission to constantly challenge the status quo. Venus Blazing is a great example of just how it can do this. It will encourage and inspire its students – many of whom will go on to shape the future of the performing arts – to engage with the historic issue of gender imbalance in music by women, and ensure that it does not continue into the next generation. I welcome this bold initiative to raise awareness of the disparity that has long existed in music and shine a light on music that has so frequently been overlooked. I am also greatly looking forward to hearing some of the musical treasures by women I might not otherwise have had the chance to hear.

Radio 3 are also putting in a shift – joining forces with academics to bring to light the work of five forgotten women composers.

Labour would punish firms for not closing the gender pay gap

This Comment piece from Dawn Butler, shadow Women & Equalities secretary, is very much worth a read.

It can be read alongside the Guardian’s story here:

A New Normal

My colleague Lucy Lamble has been at the London School of Economics in London this morning, where Danish development cooperation minister, Ulla Tørnæs, one of the people who set up the She Decides movement in response to Trump’s Global Gag rule, has called for a “new normal” in the face of pushbacks to women’s rights over their sexual and reproductive rights:

International Women’s is a day to celebrate the incredible journey millions of women and girls around the world have taken. A journey towards a life in dignity, with equal opportunities, freedom and prosperity. [A hundred years ago, for the first time the British Parliament passed an act granting most women – yet not all – the right to vote. Look at you now. What a long way we have come.

But the journey is far from over. For many girls and women, the journey has not yet even started.] In several parts of the world, gender equality and women’s enjoyment of human rights is but a distant hope. And women’s rights are even under increasing pressure. Various conservative and religious movements globally are adding pressure. This needs to change. We cannot, and should not, accept the setbacks we now see. All of us have a responsibility to act. To stand up and fight for those millions of girls and women, who do not enjoy the same fundamental human rights as we do.

Last week in Pretoria, Denmark and South Africa co-hosted the first “SheDecides-one-year-on -conference’ with a special focus on youth. In Pretoria, representatives from governments, parliaments, civil society, bright academics, and – notably – young people from North and South, all committed to stand up collectively to a vision of a New Normal. A New Normal where women and girls can decide freely about their own bodies. Their own lives. And their own futures. Where SheDecides. Without question.

Action is needed for women and girls – but really to the benefit of us ALL.

Empty desks at El Pais

Spanish newspaper El Pais has posted this rather cool little video, explaining that they are not fully staffed today because of the women’s strike.

And showing the empty desks of female journalists who have not come into work today. ¡Qué bueno !

Cut price news for French mesdames

This is rather cute from French left-leaning newspaper Libération

To draw attention to the gender pay gap in France, which is 25% according to the paper, they are selling today’s edition at two different prices. Women get a 25% discount at the newsstand. Bravo!

Women’s Strike UK

If you fancy getting involved in some radical action in the UK today, it’s worth taking a look at this Facebook post from the Women’s Strike Assembly – UK and following @Women_Strike

Updated

Señoras in Spain showing the world how it’s done

Women in Spain are taking part in the county’s first nationwide “feminist strike” to mark International Women’s Day, reports Sam Jones in Madrid. Some are downing tools for the whole day, while others are stopping for a two-hour stretch (from 11.30 to 13.30 or from 16.00 to 18.00).

But the action goes beyond the traditional workplace: women are also being encouraged to abandon their unpaid work – such as cleaning, social care and child care – to show how unfairly these tasks are distributed.

There are also signs of more direct action in Catalonia, with protesters occupying streets in Barcelona, shutting down a railway line out of the Catalan capital and blocking a road between Barcelona and the town of Manresa. Protests are due to be held later today in cities across Spain.

Protests are also under way in Madrid, with workers and students picketing the city’s Complutense university. Some prominent Spanish journalists are absent from news websites, radio and TV programmes today as they, too are on strike. Spain’s health, social services and equality minister, Dolors Montserrat, has described today’s action as “a social revolution for men and women”, but stressed that it “isn’t a war between the sexes”. Montserrat told the Espejo Público programme that while she was pleased to see so many women exercising their right to protest, it was up to individual women “to decide how they want to strike” or whether they wished to go to work as normal.

Updated

Happy International Women’s Day from London!

Good morning and happy International Women’s Day! I hope all our readers have had a decent breakfast this morning – because we’ve got an awful lot of patriarchy smashing to get through.

Huge thanks to the powerhouse that is Claire Phipps in Sydneyit is so exciting to hear of the manifold ways people are marking IWD around the globe.

On that note – what are YOU doing to mark the day? I’d love to hear what IWD means to you, and what action you are taking. Get in touch via the Guardian Witness button at the top to share your stories or tweet me at @lexytopping.

It’s time for me to hand over the live blog to my colleague Alexandra Topping, who’ll take you through the next part of International Women’s Day as it rolls across the globe.

The mood this year feels different. Real change is underway: women in Saudi Arabia can now drive, or go to sports matches. Milestones have been reached: it’s 100 years since (partial) women’s suffrage in the UK. There are loud conversations around harassment, pay inequality and more. Time’s Up and #MeToo have edged beyond hashtags into palpable anger and hunger for action.

In other ways, though, it feels as if little has changed. A man who bragged about grabbing women “by the pussy” sits in the Oval Office. A prime minister is asked in a TV interview when she conceived her unborn child. Women still routinely face sexual harassment at work. Reported cases of female genital mutilation continue to rise.

Do get in touch to share what’s going on where you are: via the comments below, to Guardian Witness here or via the button at the top of the blog. And thank you for reading.

Mary McAleese: ‘Catholic church an empire of misogyny’

The Catholic church is an “empire of misogyny”, the former Irish president Mary McAleese has said ahead of a conference in Rome calling for women to be given leadership roles by the Vatican.

“The Catholic church is one of the last great bastions of misogyny. It’s an empire of misogyny,” McAleese told reporters.

“There are so few leadership roles currently available to women. Women do not have strong role models in the church they can look up to.”

She said a church hierarchy that was “homophobic and anti-abortion is not the church of the future”.

McAleese, a keynote speaker at the Voices of Faith conference, was refused approval by the Vatican, forcing organisers to relocate the event to another venue in Rome. No reason was given for the refusal, but McAleese is a vocal advocate for women’s and LGBT rights.

Two other women invited to speak at the event were also refused Vatican accreditation.

Chantal Goetz, one of the conference organisers, said: “We feel we have reached a crisis point. Young people leave the church in alarming numbers. We watch the exodus of talented, educated young women.”

Speaking of strikes, here’s Ada Colau, mayor of Barcelona, on why she is joining the nationwide feminist strike in Spain today:

To show that without women the world really does stop …

As people in public positions, we have the duty to mobilise on behalf of those who can’t go on strike. This is the century of women and of feminism; we’ve raised our voices and we won’t stop.

No more violence, discrimination or pay gap!

On the first day of the UN Decade for Women in 1975, the women of Iceland took the day off to demonstrate the importance of all their work, waged and unwaged, in the countryside and the city. Almost all women who were physically able came out of their homes, offices and factories, and even female television presenters were replaced on the screen by men holding children. Some 90% of women took part.

They called it a day off but we at the International Wages for Housework Campaign called it a strike, and took as our slogan their placard which said: “When women stop, everything stops” …

But how can you strike if you can’t risk being sacked or endangering those you care for? This has always been the dilemma, especially of the carer on whom vulnerable people depend. In countries such as Spain, where there is general recognition of the strike validity and even union backing, it’s easier for women to walk out for at least part of the day – hundreds of thousands are expected to do just that.

Where such support is not yet forthcoming, women can still publicise our situation and what we want changed in call-ins and letters to the press, returning from lunch even 10 minutes late, banging pots in the streets or at the window, as women in Spain did against the 2003 Iraq war.

New figures from the TUC published today show that women in the UK effectively work the first 67 days of the year for no pay, thanks to the gender pay gap.

When all workers, full and part-time, are included, the pay gap is 18.4%. But in education, it’s 26.5%, meaning it will be 7 April before the average female worker in the sector is earning the same as the average male worker.

Hundreds of South Koreans are staging a protest in support of the #MeToo movement on International Women’s Day, Associated Press reports.

Protesters, many wearing black and holding black signs reading #MeToo, gathered in central Seoul. They called for bringing alleged sexual offenders to justice, as well as action on other issues such as closing a gender pay gap.

Since a female prosecutor’s revelation in January of workplace mistreatment and sexual misconduct, South Korea’s #MeToo movement has gained major traction. The list of women who speak out is growing daily.

Several high-profile men have resigned from positions of power, including a governor who was a leading presidential contender before he was accused of repeatedly raping his secretary.

 

Updated

Here’s British PM Theresa May’s message for International Women’s Day in which she flags many of the prominent women now in positions of power in the UK, 100 years after some women won the right to vote.

May has also written for the Guardian today setting out details of the government’s new domestic violence bill, which will extend the definition to include financial abuse, and proposes electronically tagging those suspected of abuse.

More than a thousand female aid workers from around the world have signed an open letter calling for urgent reform across the humanitarian sector, reports Rebecca Ratcliffe:

The letter, addressed to the leaders of international charities, the UN and donors, urges organisations to treat allegations of sexual harassment and abuse as a priority. Whistleblowers must be listened to and protected, said the signatories.

“Trust in our sector can only be restored when we ask and answer the difficult questions and openly challenge those who exploit and hide behind the good work of many,” read the letter, which has the backing of 1,111 female aid workers from 81 different countries. “It is the behaviour of these men, not our complaint of their behaviour, which damages the sector’s reputation and public trust.”

The aid sector is reeling from allegations that charities including Oxfam, Save the Children and the UN mishandled claims of sexual misconduct. At a summit in London this week, the international development secretary, Penny Mordaunt, described the revelations as a “wake-up call” for the sector, and called on delegates to establish an independent body to ensure standards and scrutiny.

Thursday’s letter warns of the need for action rather than words. “We are gravely concerned that the culture of silence, intimidation and abuse will continue as soon as the media spotlight on this issue begins to dim,” said the signatories. “We need effective leadership, commitment to action and access to resources.”

8 March is also, of course, International Richard Herring Telling People On The Internet When International Men’s Day Is Day.

The comedian has for several years sought out commenters who – unable to access Google or other search engines – put out an online plea on International Women’s Day: “When’s International Men’s Day, then?”

The answer, as Herring cheerfully reminds them all on Twitter, is 19 November.

This year, to add extra warmth to his mission, Herring is raising money for Refuge, which supports women and girls who have experienced domestic violence. Here’s his fundraising page, should you want to spur him on.

Today the Irish government will publish details of the forthcoming referendum on a repeal of the abortion ban:

The gathering momentum among the Irish public and its country’s politicians for liberalisation of abortion rights says much about the culture wars. It tells us they are winnable and that minds can be changed. It shows us how to campaign and reminds us that female autonomy is always in jeopardy – that the goal of every fundamentalist in a culture war is to strip the female body of autonomy, be it through virginity tests or restricting access to contraception or safe legal abortion. It is worth noting that Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist party, propping up the government, is also fundamentally anti-choice …

There are so many brutal stories, I don’t need to tell them, from women who cannot have cancer treatment because they are pregnant, to the everyday ones of women begging money from friends for the price of a Ryanair flight. I have been chanting “Get your rosaries off my ovaries” all my adult life. Friends in Ireland have distributed information about abortion every way they could, for at one point even the dissemination of information was criminalised. Now a diverse young population free of the Catholic church is coming to power. What has been especially significant is that this is a once-taboo issue on which politicians have changed their minds in public. A changing demographic forces change. The popular vote in favour of gay marriage showed that demographic that they could do just that.

Despite the conversational shifts we’ve seen in 2018, in plenty of ways it feels as if little has changed for women:

An Iranian woman who publicly removed her veil in protest against Iran’s compulsory headscarf law has been sentenced to two years in prison, the judiciary said on Wednesday.

Tehran’s chief prosecutor, Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi, who announced the sentence, did not give the woman’s identity but said she intended to appeal against the verdict, the judiciary’s Mizan Online news agency reported.

Dolatabadi said the unidentified woman took off her headscarf in Tehran’s Enghelab Street to “encourage corruption through the removal of the hijab in public”.

More than 30 Iranian women have been arrested since the end of December for publicly removing their veils in defiance of the law.

Demands for an end to violence against women, equality in the workplace and more diverse representation in positions of power are nothing new on International Women’s Day – the cry for change is as regular as the day itself. But this year, feminists argue, could be different: people may just be listening.

Since sexual harassment scandals tore through Hollywood last October, the repercussions keep on coming. In multiple workplaces, across unrelated fields, we are starting to see what change might look like.

At the start of the year 300 Hollywood employees, including many high-profile stars, launched the Time’s Up legal fund to support women fighting sexual misconduct; in less than a month, all UK companies with more than 250 employees will have to report their gender pay gaps; across the globe women are confronting repressive laws and speaking up at home and at work.

We asked leading feminist thinkers if they were hopeful this International Women’s Day – and what change they wanted to see.

See their answers here:

In Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi has made a speech today calling on women to build peaceful democracies.

Aung San Suu Kyi has come under sustained criticism – most recently losing a human rights award from the US Holocaust Museum – over her failure to act in what has been described as an ethnic cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.

Today she spoke of the need to ensure women’s rights.

A country’s human rights values will be enhanced when women are granted their rights. Also by using women’s strength and ability, it will be supportive to the development of the economy as well.

A report from the UN Population Fund at the end of 2017 found more than half of Rohingya refugees fleeing from Myanmar to Bangladesh were women and girls.

Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech during a ceremony to mark International Women’s Day at the Myanmar International Convention Centre.
Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech during a ceremony to mark International Women’s Day at the Myanmar International Convention Centre.
Photograph: Aung Shine Oo/AP

Updated

In the UK, more than 100 MPs and peers from all parties have written to the home secretary, Amber Rudd, calling for women in Northern Ireland to be allowed access to abortion services locally rather than having to come to England.

The letter, signed by 131 parliamentarians including eight Conservatives such as the former education secretary Justine Greening and the former chancellor Ken Clarke, the former Liberal leader David Steel and the shadow home secretary, Yvette Cooper, follows a UN declaration that forcing women to travel for an abortion is an infringement of their human rights.

With the government advertising its support for women’s rights ahead of International Women’s Day on Thursday, the timing of the letter is likely to be embarrassing. The Conservatives govern in alliance with the DUP, which opposes abortion.

Abortion is allowed in Northern Ireland only if a woman’s life is at risk or there is a serious or permanent risk to her mental health. Rape, incest and fatal foetal abnormalities are not seen as valid reasons for termination.

Last month the UN committee on the elimination of discrimination against women said thousands of women and girls in Northern Ireland faced “systematic violations of rights through being compelled to either travel outside Northern Ireland to procure a legal abortion or to carry their pregnancy to term”.

Here’s one of those stories, from Rebecca Solnit, columnist and author of Men Explain Things to Me, on the quiet revolution that paved the way for #MeToo and Time’s Up:

Something had shifted. What’s often overlooked is that it had shifted beforehand so that this could happen. Something invisible had made it possible for these highly visible upheavals and transformations. People often position revolution and incrementalism as opposites, but if a revolution is something that changes things suddenly, incrementalism often lays the groundwork that makes it possible.

Something happens suddenly, and that’s mistaken for something happening out of the blue. But out of the blue usually means out of the things that most people were not paying attention to, out of the slow work done by somebody or many somebodies out of the limelight for months or years or decades.

Today’s Guardian newspaper front page is positively bristling with women and their stories:

UK Labour will fine employers who do not close their gender pay gaps, the party will pledge today.

Under a Labour government, the party said all private and public employers who have 250 workers or more would not only have to audit their pay, but prove they are taking action to close the gap or face a fine from the government.

The government has already introduced a legal requirement for all major employers to publish their data on gender pay and bonuses by April 2018. Labour said it would go further and impose sanctions on businesses that had significant gaps in the pay of male and female staff.

.International Women’s Day Dawn Butler MP, Shadow Equalities Minister 07-03-2018 Photograph by Martin Godwin
Dawn Butler.
Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian

Shadow equalities minister Dawn Butler said the party believed companies needed to be sanctioned if they didn’t act on the data:

Auditing is not enough, we need action. Some of the companies are using loopholes to get out of giving the full picture, and then there’s no real enforcement if you are found to have a huge gap.

We don’t just want people to identify the pay gap, we want the pay gap to close.

Spanish women stage nationwide strike

Spain wakes to International Women’s Day and a nationwide “feminist strike” that will see the mayors of Madrid and Barcelona, Manuela Carmena and Ada Colau, join women across the country in abandoning work – paid and unpaid – for the day.

The 8 March Commission, which is coordinating the action, says in its manifesto:

Today we call for a society free of sexist oppression, exploitation and violence. We call for rebellion and a struggle against the alliance of the patriarchy and capitalism that wants us to be obedient, submissive and quiet.

We do not accept worse working conditions, nor being paid less than men for the same work. That is why we are calling a work strike.

Updated

This morning, the all-female New Zealand Manawaora choir sang, in Te Reo Māori, a song called Nei Ra Te Karanga – I Can’t Keep Quiet – at the International Women’s Day breakfast at Wellington’s parliament house.

Nei Ra Te Karanga – I Can’t Keep Quiet

How has the world’s most popular search engine marked International Women’s Day?

Google has dedicated its trademark doodle to showcasing the female experience today, tasking 12 female artists with creating a visual narrative of a “moment, person, or event that has impacted their lives as women”.

The result is 12 unique visual stories that reflect the diverse backgrounds of the artists, but all deal with fairly universal themes, including self-acceptance, ageing, the struggle for inclusion and love.

You can read more about it here.

As well as the doodle, Google released a rather punchy video titled Searching for Gender Equality with an accompanying data dashboard, which allows users to explore how people have been searching for topics relating to gender equality over the past year.

According to Google, sexual harassment has become a top issue, being searched 99% more in the last 12 months compared with to the year before.

You can explore the dashboard here.

Indian prime minister Narendra Modi has been tweeting a lot today about IWD and the women he says have inspired him.

The Indian government’s annual economic survey, published in January, showed more than 63 million women are “missing” statistically across the country, with more than 21 million girls unwanted by their families.

The skewed ratio is largely the result of sex-selective abortions, and better nutrition and medical care for boys, according to the report.

“The challenge of gender is long-standing, probably going back millennia,” the report’s author, chief economic adviser Arvind Subramanian, said at the time, adding that India must “confront the societal preference for boys”.

Marches and demonstrations in Asia are kicking off rallies around the world to mark International Women’s Day, Associated Press reports.

Hundreds of activists in pink and purple shirts protested in the Philippines against President Rodrigo Duterte, who they said is among the worst violators of women’s rights in Asia.

Protest leaders sang and danced in a boisterous rally in downtown Manila’s Plaza Miranda. They handed red and white roses to mothers, sisters and widows of several drug suspects slain under Duterte’s deadly crackdown on illegal drugs.

A rally for the rights of female workers was scheduled for later Thursday in central Seoul in South Korea, where a rapidly spreading #Metoo movement is galvanising support for women’s issues.

Other events are planned across Asia, the Mideast, Europe and the Americas.

Progress for some women can no longer come at the cost of continued exploitation and disempowerment for others, writes Molly Harriss Olson:

Hidden Figures star Octavia Spencer recounted a conversation with her friend and The Help co-star Jessica Chastain about pay inequality, in which Spencer pointed out the colour pay gap. For every 77 cents a white woman makes a white man may earn a dollar, but an African American woman will earn 64 cents and a Hispanic woman 56. So for an upcoming movie starring both women, Chastain tied Spencer’s pay to hers, increasing Spencer’s pay fivefold.

It was a money-where-her-mouth-is-moment – a profoundly tangible act, where anger and frustration triumphed in action instead of fading away into our common humiliation and impotency …

Women who work as farmers or producers in developing countries will not benefit from black couture frocks at the Golden Globes or examinations of the pay gap in developed countries. They will not benefit from social media storms about the role of the feminist movement or definition of consent, no matter how seismic their importance. But we can still make a tangible difference; we can still have our money-where-our-mouths-are moments.

Women in Nepal have been marching today to mark International Women’s Day. According to local reports, thousands took part, calling for social, economic and political equality.

International Women’s Day in Kathmanduepa06588111 Nepalese women hold placards and balloons during a rally to mark International Women’s Day in Kathmandu, Nepal, 08 March 2018. According to reports, thousands of women affiliated with various political parties and non-government organizations participated in the rally, calling for equal social, economic and politics rights for women. EPA/NARENDRA SHRESTHA
International Women’s Day in Kathmandu.
Photograph: Narendra Shrestha/EPA

I’m keen to hear what readers around the world are doing to mark IWD. Do drop me a tweet @Claire_Phipps, comment below or use the Guardian Witness button at the top to share your stories.

The island nation of Tonga in the south Pacific is falling far behind the UN benchmark for female representation in parliament, which aims for a minimum of 30%, reports Eleanor Ainge Roy.

There are only two female politicians in the Tongan parliament, and Ofa Guttenbeil-Likiliki, director of Tonga’s Women and Children Crisis Centre, said legislative change at a state and municipal level could help address the imbalance.

“Certainly Samoa was leading in the forefront,” Guttenbeil-Likiliki told Radio New Zealand.

“They’ve made a constitutional amendment allowing for five floating seats to be activated at any time where there are less than five women being elected through the general election process.”

According to UN Women, Tonga has no legislation in place against domestic violence, sexual harassment, human trafficking or sex tourism; and no minimum age of sexual consent.

A study by the University of the South Pacific found 77% of Tongan women reported being physically or sexually abused.

In an interview with the South China Morning Post, Fiona Nott, CEO of Hong Kong’s Women’s Foundation, says women in the territory are still being left behind:

Nott reels off the figures: in the workplace, women earn on average 22% less than men, a gap that is wider than a decade ago and wider than Singapore, the US, Britain and Australia; women represent only 13.8% of Hang Seng Index company boards – just half of the 26% in the UK; and women represent just 29% of management positions – worse than Malaysia, Canada, the US and Australia.

The wage gap increases to 35% for elderly women.

Meanwhile, women make up 85% of single parents living in poverty, and 30% of women drop out of the workforce due to caring responsibilities.

You can read the full SCMP interview here.

New Zealand’s governor general Dame Patsy Reddy has also weighed in on the months of global change under the #MeToo movement, Eleanor Ainge Roy reports from Dunedin.

“In the last year we have heard women’s voices raised in the way we haven’t in a long time, and their anger is palpable,” she said.

“There are still real problems in workplaces and the way power is exploited by those in positions of responsibility.”

“Billboards still work,” said Oscar-winner Frances McDormand earlier this week, after activists took inspiration from her film Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri to highlight the deaths in London’s Grenfell tower block fire.

The Australian Council of Trade Unions is trying a similar tactic today in its IWD demands: for paid domestic violence leave and an end to gender-based violence in the workplace. It has directed its billboards at Kelly O’Dwyer, minister for women, who at a speech this week said sexual harassment and violence against women “must never be tolerated”.

Eighty percent of those displaced by climate change are women, the BBC reports, citing figures from the UN.

Women and girls, the UN says, are also disproportionately affected by natural disasters – though not always for “natural” reasons. Horrifyingly, women and girls were more likely to die or be injured in the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami because they had not been taught how to swim or to climb trees.

Books from small and independent presses dominate a very diverse shortlist for the sixth annual $50,000 Stella Prize for Australian writing by women, announced today.

Miles Franklin-award winners Michelle de Kretser and Alexis Wright have both been shortlisted: de Kretser for her book of loosely linked short stories The Life to Come, and Wright for her biography of Indigenous activist Tracker Tillman.

Three debut novelists also feature in the shortlist: Claire G Coleman for her novel imagining a recolonised Australia, Terra Nullius; Shokoofeh Azar for her novel The Enlightenment of the Greengage Tree, written soon after the refugee author’s own release from Christmas Island; and Mirandi Riwoe’s reworking of a short story by Somerset Maugham fused with Javanese mythology, The Fish Girl.

Brisbane-based author Krissy Kneen rounds out the list with An Uncertain Grace, a novel that fuses science fiction and eroticism.

Jacinda Ardern: ‘There is still a need to press for progress’

Jacinda Ardern, New Zealand’s prime minister, says the theme for IWD – press for progress – is the right focus for this year, despite the country enjoying its highest ever rate of female representation in parliament.

We have a pay gap in New Zealand for women, that is particularly significant as well for Māori and Pasifika women. We have incredible rates of domestic violence …

Let’s remember that true equality is achieved when women are free from violence and when they have financial security.

Beer company BrewDog’s attempt at satirical marketing has fallen flatter than a still ale in the tense run-up to International Women’s Day. It has been widely mocked for its attempt at addressing the gender pay gap by releasing a “new” Pink IPA with a pledge to sell it a fifth cheaper in its bars, because “women only like pink and glitter, right? #Sarcasm”.

Needless to say, when you have to use a hashtag to clue people in to your “humour”, the cause is probably lost.

One thing that could be celebrated though is BrewDog’s principle of discounting beer – alongside the promise to donate 20% of sales to causes that fight gender inequality. With the gender pay gap existing at all tiers of the class system, it’s appreciated when the balance is tipped in our favour, even as a gimmick.

It would be nice if, maybe just for one day, 8 March 2018, feminism could trump satire, and women could get some cheap booze to celebrate.

Elena del Estal has documented the lives of trafficked women in India, where hundreds of thousands of women and girls are forced into sexual and domestic slavery:

Saeeda holds her youngest daughter as she talks about how she was brought to Haryana 20 years ago with her sister.

“I only know that I arrived in Haryana when I was 11,” she says. “I was brought here with my sister but I haven’t seen her since we arrived.”

She was sold to Azim, a widower 20 years older who already had six children by his first wife. She says she was beaten by her husband and his family.

“They wanted me to obey them, and if I objected they always had the same words for me: ‘We own you because we bought you.’”

In the Australian outback town of Tennant Creek, Aboriginal women and girls have marched on IWD to call for an end to alcohol-fuelled violence.

Tennant Creek has been in trauma in recent weeks following the alleged sexual assault of a two-year-old girl. Family and community members have accused the Northern Territory government of ignoring their long-running pleas for help combatting high rates of alcohol and drug abuse, and of family and sexual violence.

Tennant Creek saw a 23.4% increase in alcohol-related violence between December 2016 and December 2017, and a 34.3% increase in domestic assaults, according to the NT police.

Across Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are up to 32 times more likely to be hospitalised due to family violence than non-Indigenous women, and children are up to seven times more likely to be the subject of substantiated child abuse or neglect than non-Indigenous children.

Barb Shaw, the general manager of the Anyinginyi Health Aboriginal Corporation, told the Guardian the feeling of being a “forgotten town” was real for people in Tennant Creek, and there were major issues in the way governments cared for people in regional and remote Australia, including a lack of community policing models:

The majority of our population [in Tennant Creek] is Aboriginal and they are the most vulnerable group of people in the country.

It’s tough for people who live out bush and in regional towns. You’ve got to look out for different ways to provide service to look after families than in a centre like Darwin or Sydney …

We’ve got families in Tennant Creek where dysfunction is at the point where parents themselves are not in the position to take that first step of taking responsibility.

We’ve got to work with parents so we’re helping them get to a place to take that responsibility.

In Spain, a strike by women means hundreds of trains have been cancelled on International Women’s Day, AFP reports:

More than 300 trains have been cancelled on Thursday throughout Spain as workers go on strike to defend women’s rights on International Women’s Day, the country’s transport ministry announced.

Some 200 intercity trains out of 568 won’t be operating, while 105 long-distance trains are cancelled, it said.

The underground in Madrid will also be affected.

The 24-hour strike has been called by 10 unions. Feminist groups have also asked women not to spend money and to ditch their domestic chores for the day.

My colleague Eleanor Ainge Roy reports from Dunedin:

Only 18% of New Zealand businesses had women in senior management roles, a global study by Grant Thornton has found, down from 20% in 2017 and 31% in 2004. This means New Zealand has dropped from being one of the top 10 countries in the world for gender equality, to number 33 out of 35 surveyed.

Minister for women Julie Anne Genter said the results were surprising and “not good enough”, adding that one of the government’s priorities was closing the gender pay gap, which remained at nearly 10% in New Zealand, and 22%-26% for Māori and Pasifika women.

“I believe this government has already taken some concrete action, like extending paid parental leave … but there is of course always more we can do,” Genter – who is expecting her first child in August, two months after prime minister Jacinda Ardern – told Radio New Zealand.

We need to focus on Māori and Pasifika women. The lowest paid women need to be prioritised because they are the ones that are suffering the most at the moment and we have a responsibility to elevate them.

Genter said raising the minimum wage would help improve women’s lives as 60% of NZ workers on minimum wage are women.

Updated

While we’re on the subject of prime ministers, the British PM, Theresa May, has written for the Guardian today on violence against women:

Thousands of women endure unimaginable violence and other forms of abuse every single day, often at the hands of those to whom they are closest, in the places they should be safest. I have heard many heart-rending stories, and I am determined to stop others suffering.

Doing so will require a change across the whole of society in the way we think about and tackle domestic abuse …

The government’s new domestic abuse bill will lead the way in bringing about the change we need. I am launching a consultation on our proposals, and we want to hear from experts, charities, frontline professionals and as many people affected by abuse, from as many walks of life, as possible. Many suffering abuse still don’t talk about what is happening to them.

Not all abusive behaviour is physical. Controlling, manipulative and verbally abusive behaviour ruins lives and means thousands end up isolated, living in fear. So for the first time, the bill will provide a statutory definition of domestic abuse that includes economic abuse, alongside other non-physical abuse.

May’s comments come as activists warn that women’s lives are put at risk by government cuts to funding for refuges.

Australian prime minister Malcolm Turnbull doubly cares about International Women’s Day.

Speaking just now, Turnbull conceded that Australia does not have enough women in parliament – or in his own ministry.

The country has not achieved gender parity, he says, adding that a minister for women will be needed for a long time yet.

On the eve of International Women’s Day, protesters in Seoul grouped outside the Japanese embassy to highlight the plight of so-called “comfort women” – a euphemism for the 200,000 girls and young women who were forced to work in Japanese brothels before and during the second world war.

Protesters showed 30 images of what they called “Uncomfort Women” – representing the 30 surviving women who still live in South Korea.

This is a campaign to let the world know that these women are here, the women who were called comfort women but were driven to the opposite of comfort themselves.

From murderers to mermaids, the “whole wealth of experience” features on the longlist for the 2018 Women’s prize for fiction, according to chair of judges Sarah Sands, giving the lie to “that stereotype of women’s fiction”.

The 16-strong longlist for the £30,000 award for “excellence, originality and accessibility in writing by women in English from throughout the world”, was announced on Thursday.

The award, previously known as the Baileys prize, places two major names, Pulitzer winner Jennifer Egan and Booker winner Arundhati Roy, up against six debuts. The latter include Gail Honeyman’s Eleanor Oliphant Is Completely Fine, which won the Costa first novel award, and Imogen Hermes Gowar’s The Mermaid and Mrs Hancock, a tale set in Georgian London in which a mermaid is captured.

Topics range from Nicola Barker’s H(a)ppy, set in the far future in an apparent utopia, to Meena Kandasamy’s portrait of a violent marriage, When I Hit You: Or, A Portrait of the Writer as a Young Wife, and Sarah Schmidt’s reimagining of the Lizzie Borden murders, See What I Have Done.

See the full longlist here:

We are spoiling you today with live blogs about women. If you’d like to check progress of a different kind – that of USA v England in the 2018 SheBelieves Cup – take a look over here:

In Vanuatu, a new photo gala will celebrate female heroes. Betty Toa, the UN Women country programme coordinator for Vanuatu, said:

International Women’s Day is an incredibly important day and we are really thrilled that Vanuatu is having a national photo exhibition … where everyone can come and see our women heroes who work hard to make Vanuatu a better place for us to live in.

Betty Toa, the UN Women country programme coordinator for Vanuatu.

More from New Zealand, courtesy of Eleanor Ainge Roy:

Former New Zealand prime minister Helen Clark – a friend and mentor to current PM Jacinda Ardern – has said being a 37-year-old unmarried leader would have been “unthinkable” at the time she entered politics and no one would even have considered having a female PM. (There have now been three in New Zealand.)

Clark told the Breakfast show:

In 1981, about a month before the election, Peter [Davis] and I did get married because people said ‘this is a liability, you are a de-facto couple’.

You did feel that pressure, and you didn’t want to do anything to damage the party’s prospects, or your own prospects, in retaining what was a very safe and loyal Labour constituency.

So, social attitudes have moved light years since then, and I think that’s a very, very good thing.

As I mentioned earlier, despite the conversational shifts we’ve seen in 2018, in plenty of ways it feels as if little has changed:

An Iranian woman who publicly removed her veil in protest against Iran’s compulsory headscarf law has been sentenced to two years in prison, the judiciary said on Wednesday.

Tehran’s chief prosecutor, Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi, who announced the sentence, did not give the woman’s identity but said she intended to appeal against the verdict, the judiciary’s Mizan Online news agency reported.

Dolatabadi said the unidentified woman took off her headscarf in Tehran’s Enghelab Street to “encourage corruption through the removal of the hijab in public”.

More than 30 Iranian women have been arrested since the end of December for publicly removing their veils in defiance of the law.

For International Women’s Day the Guardian posed three questions to activists and writers who appeared at the Sydney Opera House’s All About Women festival:

  • What’s the most pressing issue for women in 2018?
  • #MeToo has been a huge moment, but what’s the next step?
  • If you could have dinner with any woman, living or dead, real or fictional, past or present, who would it be and why?

Read their answers in our gallery here:

The 27th prime minister of Australia, Julia Gillard, has given a speech at an IWD event hosted by the Royal Women’s Hospital in Melbourne. Gillard made international headlines in October 2012 when she called out alleged sexism by the then opposition leader Tony Abbott in parliament.

Today, Gillard, who is now chair of mental health organisation beyondblue, spoke to a group of women about mental health, the gender pay gap, and women in leadership. She said more work needed to be done on unconscious bias against women, and those researching this bias needed to be working with people in sectors where women were most poorly represented and treated.

Because the reality is, in Australia and across the globe, women are not being given the opportunity to serve in equal measure to their male colleagues. This is true of the public sector and the private sector. It is true of universities, hospitals, boardrooms, courthouses and small businesses …

Currently, women make up just 23% of national parliamentarians, 26% of news media leaders, 27% of judges, 15% of corporate board members and 24% of senior managers worldwide.

Just over a week ago, in Washington, our prime minister Malcolm Turnbull attended a dinner with president Trump and leaders in the business community. Of the 51 attendees, there were more men named Andrew (five) than the total number of women (four) who attended the event.

Gillard said the way things were going, it would take another half-century for the number of women in national parliaments to reach parity with men:

And, even worse, when progress is made, it can also be reversed. Women are more under-represented in the American cabinet than at any time since the Reagan administration.

Even in Nordic countries, often held up as beacons of progress, there has been a 6.2% drop in the number of female ministers since 2015 to 43.5%.

It’s not just in the political world that progress has stalled. The number of women in senior management globally has risen just one percentage point in 10 years, from 24% in 2007 to 25% today.

Gillard told attendees that women faced significant barriers to progress at every stage of their careers:

In fact, still today, in at least 18 countries husbands can legally prevent their wives from working … How can we expect to get women into leadership positions if we can’t even get them into the workforce?

More often though, the barriers are less obvious – informal rules and norms of institutions that seek to exclude women.

Gillard cited research that found people were likely to correlate leadership and likability for men while doing the reverse for women.

As a result, when a woman breaks through and is seen as a decisive leader, she is likely to be stereotyped an unlikeable …

In the US , there is an online tool called Rate My Professor, which students use to critique their lecturers. A huge interactive exploration of 14 million reviews on the site discovered that male professors are disproportionately likely to be described as a ‘star’ or ‘genius’. Female professors are disproportionately described as ‘nasty’, ‘ugly’, ‘bossy’ or ‘disorganised’.

Gillard also referred to the results of an experiment conducted at a university in North Carolina, where researchers asked students to rate teachers of an online course. The students never met the teacher in person:

This enabled the researchers to present the same teacher to some students as a man and to other students as a woman.

Disturbingly, when students were taking the class from someone they believed to be male, they rated the teacher more highly. The very same teacher, when believed to be female, was rated significantly lower.

Given this research, the fact that gender influences perceptions seems undeniable.

I’m keen to hear what readers around the world are doing to mark IWD. Do drop me a tweet @Claire_Phipps, comment below or use the Guardian Witness button at the top to share your stories.

You can read the PEN international women’s manifesto here: “The vitality and beauty of literature is diminished if women’s stories are not told and when women’s voices are not heard.”

My colleague Eleanor Ainge Roy reports from Dunedin:

Vanisa Dhiru, president of the National Council of Women New Zealand, said the World Economic Forum’s 2017 global gender gap report suggested that gender equality could still be over 200 years away.

“This is absolutely unacceptable and it’s worse for some groups of women than others, because of racism, transphobia and other forms of oppression,” said Dhiru, who said it was time for New Zealand to embrace the #MeToo and Time’s Up global movements.

Recent exposure of sexual harassment of interns in one of the country’s top legal firms was a sign of progress, she added.

“Kristine Bartlett being named the 2018 New Zealander of the Year, for her work on the pay equity campaign for low-paid care workers, is hugely inspirational and it gives me hope that it might not take the 200 years to reach gender equality that has been predicted.”

According to Australia’s Human Rights Commission, women make up 50.2% of Australia’s population. That means that women get 50.2% of everything, right?

So many women find themselves suspecting – merely on the basis of instinct, observation or just plain lived experience – that even in pretty Australia something seems desperately out of whack in regards to the statistical social, political and economic experience of women to men. So my IWD gift to you, my femme cadre, is something rare and precious you’ll never receive in an argument with a beer-garden misogynist; hard data that proves gender disadvantage is not only intersectional, but true!

An artist in residence at London’s Tate gallery has resigned, saying arts institutions are failing women.

Liv Wynter timed her resignation for the eve of International Women’s Day to highlight what she called the “invisible inequalities” of the art world.

Wynter said she was also angered by recent comments from Maria Balshaw, the Tate director, who told the Times she had not personally experienced sexual harassment: Then, I wouldn’t. I was raised to be a confident woman who, when I encountered harassment, would say: ‘Please don’t’ … or something rather more direct.”

Balshaw has since apologised for her comments, saying she had not meant to blame women for their harassment.

But Wynter, in a letter to Balshaw, said the words had been a “huge slap in the face” to her:

I cannot describe to you the personal shame I feel as a survivor of domestic violence, to work for someone who could think so little of me whilst simultaneously profiting off my ‘survivorness’ and the work I dare to make about it.

Read the full story here:

Welcome – wherever you are in the world, but particularly to those who’ve already tipped into 8 March – to our live coverage of International Women’s Day 2018.

The mood this year feels different. Real change is underway: women in Saudi Arabia can now drive, or go to sports matches. Milestones have been reached: it’s 100 years since (partial) women’s suffrage in the UK. There are loud conversations around harassment, pay inequality and more. Time’s Up and #MeToo have edged beyond hashtags into palpable anger and hunger for action.

In other ways, though, it feels as if little has changed. A man who bragged about grabbing women “by the pussy” sits in the Oval Office. A prime minister is asked in a TV interview when she conceived her unborn child. Women still routinely face sexual harassment at work. Reported cases of female genital mutilation continue to rise.

We’ll be tracking the day here on our live blog as it rolls across the globe. Do get in touch to share what’s going on where you are: via the comments below, to Guardian Witness here or via the button at the top of the blog, or directly to me on Twitter @Claire_Phipps.

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International Women's Day 2018: protests across the world as women push for progress – live | NORTH INDIA KALEIDOSCOPE

Rajesh Ahuja

I am a veteran journalist based in Chandigarh India.I joined the profession in June 1982 and worked as a Staff Reporter with the National Herald at Delhi till June 1986. I joined The Hindu at Delhi in 1986 as a Staff Reporter and was promoted as Special Correspondent in 1993 and transferred to Chandigarh. I left The Hindu in September 2012 and launched my own newspaper ventures including this news portal and a weekly newspaper NORTH INDIA KALEIDOSCOPE (currently temporarily suspended).